The simple process of removing a damaged or broken tooth from its roots is known as a tooth extraction. Tooth extractions can also be performed on wisdom teeth. The method can also be referred to as wisdom teeth removal or wisdom teeth extraction.

Dentists also advise tooth extractions in the case of overcrowding as it can lead to misalignment issues in teeth. 

How does an extraction help preserve the teeth?

Tooth extractions can undoubtedly help to preserve the health of the teeth.

  • Reduces tooth decay due to infection-causing bacteria.
  • Prevents damage to gums as a result of periodontal disease.
  • Prevents overcrowding of teeth.
  • Removes broken teeth that can’t be repaired with restorations.

Types of Tooth Extractions

Teeth extractions come in two types:

Simple Extractions

A simple extraction is generally performed on teeth that are visible from the outside. During a simple extraction procedure, the dentist would loosen the tooth with an elevator and use forceps to remove the tooth.

Surgical Extractions

A surgical extraction is typically a much complex procedure than simple extractions. It is generally recommended if teeth may have broken off at the gum line or is yet to erupt. A fine incision would be made to surgically remove the broken tooth.

What is the typical procedure for a tooth extraction?

Here is an outline of a tooth extraction procedure (simple extraction):

  • The dentist will first numb the area of the gums that surround the damaged tooth with the help of a local anesthetic.
  • Careful incisions would be made on the surrounding gums.
  • The dentist will gently remove the damaged tooth with the help of dental forceps and seal the gums with soluble stitches.

Aftercare instructions after a tooth extraction

After an extraction procedure, the patient will be advised to bite a gauze piece for a prescribed amount of time until the bleeding halts. 

It is essential that the patient avoids disturbing the blood clot after an extraction procedure. It is also advised to avoid smoking, brushing, and sipping hot or cold beverages. Any signs of swelling can be subsided with the help of ice bags.

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